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SEPTEMBER 15, 2009




"Sacramento's Growing Pains"



Its 1850, Sacramento is now a city, although not formally named until 1854 and flourishing more and more at every turn, both locally and nationally.

John Sutter Jr & Sam Brannon have now sold many parcels and attracted several businesses that will lay the framework for a city that doesn't rely on the gold rush to continue its existence.

Sacramento formally designates a cemetery named for itself at 10th & Broadway to keep the dead in one place rather than buried where they died or on family property. Steamships are bringing in goods and immigrants from up and down the coast, from flowers to ice the ships are making regular service from Sacramento to San Francisco.

With the introduction of the city's first fish packing plant in 1851 and the first meat packing plant & butcher shop in early 1852, California forms the Agriculture Society (based in Sacramento)to showcase the states diverse crops & livestock, this was to later become the foundation for the State Food & Ag Department.

Living on the river had its share of problems, with several floods creating setbacks, in mid 1852 some 85% of the city was lost to fire, and this prompted the rebuilding and all new construction to be of brick rather than wood. The flooding continued to be a problem even with the building and refortification of the city's levees, it wasn't until 1962 that a decision was made to raise the city by some 15 feet creating an "underground" city that exists still today.

In June 1852, amid the rebuilding of the city, Wells Fargo & Co. opens its first bank in Sacramento, bringing loans & other financial services to the city. Later that same year the Sacramento Valley Railroad incorporates and begins the ground work for their first route, Sacramento to Folsom. In September the first agricultural fair is held at Warrens' New England Seed Store on "J" street, this would go on to become the California State Fair we know today.

1854 finds itself as a year of many transportation milestones as the California Stage Company and California Steam Navigation Company are formed to provide transportation to and from the Sacramento to Folsom line that formally began service as the first passenger rail service in the West in August of 1855. This new mode of transportation caught the eye of a couple of hardware store owners Collis Hunnington & Mark Hopkins, who with financial magnates Leland Stanford & Charles Crocker sought to take the new passenger rail service much further East and a short 5 years later in 1860 they incorporate the Central Pacific Railroad buying up land and smaller railroads at will to become one of the largest and most powerful companies of the time.




Mike "Gunshot" Young, Historian